Cabo da Roca (Cape Roca) is a cape which shapes the westernmost degree of terrain Portugal and mainland Europe (and by definition the Eurasian land mass). The cape is in the Portuguese region of Sintra, close Azóia, in the southwest of the area of Lisbon, shaping the westernmost degree of the Serra de Sintra.
Cabo da Roca was referred to the Romans as Promontorium Magnum and amid the Age of Sail as the Rock of Lisbon.
The cape is situated inside of the Sintra-Cascais Natural Park, 42 kilometers west of the city of Lisbon and in the southwest of Sintra. An area (38°47′N 9°30′W) is engraved on a stone plaque, situated on a landmark at the site.
The western coast is a blend of sand shorelines and rough bluff projections: around Cabo da Roca, precipices are more than 100 meters in tallness, and cut into crystalline rocks, made out of firmly collapsed and blamed sedimentary units. These structures are irritated by dams and little beaches. This projection of “high” shorelines is the compelling western drenching of the antiquated eruptive Sintra massif, as clear from the rose-shaded stone in the north and syenite of the Ribeira do Louriçal in the south. In the region of the Cape, there are geomorphological samples of gabbro-diorite, volcanic breccia, and rock.
Some portion of the rock arrangements show proof of solid beach front disintegration, while in different territories there are limestone stores implanted in the granite.
A great part of the vegetation in this cape are low-lying and adjusted to saltwater and blustery conditions. When home to an assortment of vegetation, Cabo da Roca has been overwhelm with the obtrusive plant species Carpobrotus edulis. This inching, mat-shaping plant, an individual from the Aizoaceae succulent family, was presented as ground spread by nearby occupants a very long while back, yet now covers a significant part of the arable arrive on Cabo da Roca.
Numerous transitory and marine fowls perch incidentally along the precipices and secured bays of the waterfront area.